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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score103.50
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score66.58
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.snowflake.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.teradata.com
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Teradata
Initial release198920141984
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedhosted
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSnowflakeTeradata
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