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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score64.19
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#5  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.snowflake.comwww.mireo.hr/­spacetime
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Mireo
Initial release198920142020
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsno
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationyes

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSnowflakeSpaceTime
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2 November 2021, Redmondmag.com

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10 November 2021, TechTarget

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16 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

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23 November 2021, Analytics India Magazine

After Rising 18% Over The Last Month, What's Next For Snowflake Stock?
8 November 2021, Forbes

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