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DBMS > dBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Microsofts relational DBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.54
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1015.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score122.64
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.dbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperAsthon TateMicrosoftDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release197919892000
Current releasedBASE 2019, 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20193.34.1, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
Linux
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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