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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. Tarantool vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. Tarantool vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsIn-memory database with an integrated application serverA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.66
Rank#69  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score1.58
Rank#137  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
Score0.04
Rank#325  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.tarantool.iogithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.tarantool.io/­en/­docgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseMail.ru GroupTerark
Initial release1989199220082016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 20152.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleanno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesFull-featured ANSI SQL supportno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Open binary protocolC++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or PerlLua, C and SQL stored proceduresno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneHash sharding based on virtual bucketsnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes, with SQLno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID, read commitedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTarantoolTerarkDB
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