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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB vs. Warp 10

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB vs. Warp 10

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonWarp 10  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.TimeSeries DBMS specialized on timestamped geo data based on LevelDB or HBase
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.09
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#26  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlpingcap.comwww.warp10.io
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablewww.warp10.io/­content/­02_Getting_started
DeveloperMicrosoftSAPPingCAP, Inc.SenX
Initial release1989201020162015
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20205.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, RustJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
HTTP API
Jupyter
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Rnoyes infoWarpScript
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)Sharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.selectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infobased on HBase
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.Mandatory use of cryptographic tokens, containing fine-grained authorizations
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerSAP HANATiDBWarp 10
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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