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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Splice Machine vs. TiDB vs. Warp 10

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Splice Machine vs. TiDB vs. Warp 10

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSplice Machine  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonWarp 10  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceOpen-Source SQL RDBMS for Operational and Analytical use cases with native Machine Learning, powered by Hadoop and SparkTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.TimeSeries DBMS specialized on timestamped geo data based on LevelDB or HBase
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#185  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#284  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlsplicemachine.compingcap.comwww.warp10.io
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanadoc.splicemachine.comdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablewww.warp10.io/­content/­02_Getting_started
DeveloperMicrosoftSAPSplice MachinePingCAP, Inc.SenX
Initial release19892010201420162015
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (JuneĀ 26, 2020), June 20203.1, March 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL 3.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++JavaGo, RustJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Native Spark Datasource
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
HTTP API
Jupyter
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Ryes infoJavanoyes infoWarpScript
Triggersyesyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesShared Nothhing Auto-Sharding, Columnar Partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)Sharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.selectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoYes, via Full Spark Integrationyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infobased on HBase
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.Mandatory use of cryptographic tokens, containing fine-grained authorizations
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerSAP HANASplice MachineTiDBWarp 10
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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