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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score853.57
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score45.22
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score127.45
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSAPSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release198920102014
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 20222.0 SPS07 (AprilĀ 4, 2023), April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-servicehosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Ruser defined functions
Triggersyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSAP HANASnowflake
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