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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score845.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score37.49
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score19.56
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­technology-platform/­sybase-ase.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­docs/­SAP_ASEspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP, SybaseApache Software Foundation
Initial release198919872014
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 202216.03.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava and Transact-SQLno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESpark SQL
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