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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1093.75
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score151.42
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheredocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP infoformerly SybaseTimescale
Initial release1989200919922017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.0.7, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaLuayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perluser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersAltair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metrics1.8 million+ downloads, 7,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); Product matrix here ; information on pricing...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTimescaleDB
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