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DBMS > dBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.20
Rank#43  Overall
#27  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score8.71
Rank#51  Overall
#10  Document stores
Websitewww.dbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAsthon TateMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release197919892014
Current releasedBASE 2019, 2019SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
Linux
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
dBASEMicrosoft SQL ServerRealm
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Recent citations in the news

Boris Krumrey
29 November 2022, Technology Magazine

Microsoft Access 2016 Now Supports dBase Database Format
7 September 2016, Redmondmag.com

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