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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDBTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#334  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Score3.86
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdbpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docsgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wikidocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperMicrosoftHibernating RhinosTerarkPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1989201020162016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 20215.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted open source version availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C#C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (RQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
C++ API
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesnono
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availablenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization BundlenoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDBTiDB
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