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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.21
Rank#94  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netwww.stardog.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docsdocs.stardog.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperMicrosoftHibernating RhinosStardog-UnionTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release1989201020101987
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.2, June 20217.3.0, May 2020Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C#JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (RQL)Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization BundleAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerRavenDBStardogTransbase
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerRavenDBStardogTransbase
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