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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#225  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP
Initial release19892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (JuneĀ 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLSAP HANA
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