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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak TS vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak TS vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak TS  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresRiak TS is a distributed NoSQL database optimized for time series data and based on Riak KVIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#209  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-tswww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesSAP
Initial release19892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20152010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsJavaScript and ErlangSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infolinks between datasets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLRiak TSSAP HANA
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