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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#209  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.orgrethinkdb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationrethinkdb.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017SAP
Initial release19892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20092010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 20182.4.1, August 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsSQLScript, R
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningSharding inforange basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsyes

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLRethinkDBSAP HANA
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