DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. searchxml
System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. searchxml
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||searchxml Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Microsofts relational DBMS||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||DBMS for structured and unstructured content wrapped with an application server|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Native XML DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||informationpartners gmbh|
|Initial release||1989||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2015|
|Current release||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||12.3, May 2020||1.0|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|RESTful HTTP API|
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|C++ most other programming languages supported via APIs|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes on the application server|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Master-slave replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes sychronisation to multiple collections|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||multiple readers, single writer|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Domain, group and role-based access control at the document level and for application services|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
|2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.|
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|Microsoft SQL Server||PostgreSQL||searchxml|
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|Conferences and events|
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