DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Titan

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTitan
DB-Engines blog posts

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

SQL Server 2019 Licensing: How Much Does It Cost and What's Included?
8 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

SQL Server 2019 reaches general availability
4 November 2019, ZDNet

SQL Server 2019 Is Here: A Roundup of Its Best Features
4 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Makes SQL Server 2019 Generally Available
4 November 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

Winnti Group's skip‑2.0: A Microsoft SQL Server backdoor
21 October 2019, We Live Security

provided by Google News

Crunchy Data and ORock Technologies Partnership Brings Trusted Open Source Cloud Native PostgreSQL to Federal Government
13 November 2019, AiThority

Introducing PostgREST, a REST API for any PostgreSQL database written in Haskell
4 November 2019, Packt Hub

Greenplum 6 review: Jack of all trades, master of some
7 November 2019, InfoWorld

NoSQL Market 2019 Trend - Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database
12 November 2019, News Adopt

We're free in 3... 2... 1! Amazon unhooks its last Oracle database, nothing breaks and life goes on
16 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

DSE Graph review: Graph database does double duty
14 November 2019, InfoWorld

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

Graph Database Market Share, Growth by Top Company, Region, Applications, Drivers, Trends & Forecast to 2026
30 October 2019, Weekly Spy

Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

Database Administrator III - Human Services
State of Vermont, Vermont

Database Developer
SDN Communications, South Dakota

Database Developer
Metro IT Resources, Puerto Rico

Database Analyst
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Database Administrator
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Database Engineer
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Database Administrator, Digital Commerce Platform
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Database Analyst
Deloitte, Austin, TX

Database Engineer
Facebook, Menlo Park, CA

Sr Data Architect, Graph - Nationwide Opportunities
Amazon Web Services, Inc., New York, NY

Sr. API Software Engineer - Data Analytics and Reporting
Express Scripts, Franklin Lakes, NJ

Manager - Data Analytics and Reporting
Express Scripts, St. Louis, MO

Solutions Architect - Central
DataStax, Colorado

Solution Architect - Northeast
DataStax, Maryland

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here