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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1067.31
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score522.99
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.82
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912.3, May 20203.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC++CGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How We Improved TPC-C Performance by 50% and TPC-H Performance by 100%
5 June 2020

TiDB Dashboard: Easier Troubleshooting for Distributed Databases
28 May 2020

Pessimistic Locking: Better MySQL Compatibility, Fewer Rollbacks Under High Load
22 May 2020

TiCDC: Replication Latency in Milliseconds for 100+ TB Clusters
20 May 2020

Large Transactions in TiDB
15 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
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CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTiDB
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Getting Started with Dbatools for SQL Server
13 May 2020, Redmondmag.com

Multi-region SQL Server deployment using distributed availability groups
4 June 2020, idk.dev

Microsoft exec explains why its database software has surpassed Oracle
4 June 2020, Business Insider

Understanding the tradeoffs: not all SQL Server DR options are the same
28 May 2020, Continuity Central

Using Microsoft SQL Server Integration Services on Amazon RDS for SQL Server
19 May 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL: Businesses choose open source for digital transformation
12 May 2020, TechHQ

Best practices for Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL cross-Region read replicas
26 May 2020, idk.dev

Common administrator responsibilities on Amazon RDS and Amazon Aurora for PostgreSQL databases
18 May 2020, idk.dev

Multi-tenant data isolation with PostgreSQL Row Level Security
18 May 2020, idk.dev

Migrating PostgreSQL from on-premises or Amazon EC2 to Amazon RDS using logical replication
27 May 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

China’s Biggest Startups Ditch Oracle and IBM for Home-Made Tech
25 June 2019, Bloomberg

NewSQL database startup PingCAP raises $50M to expand its ecosystem
11 September 2018, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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