DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ vs. VelocityDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)A .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1031.23
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgtempoiq.com (offline)velocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTempoIQVelocityDB Inc
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20122011
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201913.1, November 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC#
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nono
Triggersyesyesyes infoRealtime AlertsCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access controlBased on Windows Authentication

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Storage Tiers What SQL Server DBAs Need to Know from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
19 January 2021, Packt Hub

Microland Earns the Coveted Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
19 January 2021, MarTech Series

Microland Secures Coveted Windows Server and SQL Server migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
18 January 2021, AiThority

Bitscape earned Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
20 January 2021, CRN.in

Rapid Growth Seen in SQL Server Performance Monitoring Tools and Software Market 2021-2027 | Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools, Red-Gate, Sentry One (SQL Sentry), dbForge Monitor by Devart, Navicat Monitor
18 January 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

What the PostgreSQL community has done so right
30 December 2020, TechRepublic

Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Security Technical Implementation Guide Now Available
6 January 2021, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL Is DB-Engines DBMS of the Year For 2020
15 January 2021, iProgrammer

Know How RDBMS Software Market Is Thriving Continuously By Top Key Players | Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
19 January 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

SQL Market 2020 | Know the Latest COVID19 Impact Analysis And Strategies of Key Players: PostgreSQL, Sybase, MySQL, Microsoft, Basho Technologies, etc. | InForGrowth
19 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

provided by Google News

Big Data and Analytics Market by Top Key Players- Microsoft MongoDB Predikto Informatica CS Blue Yonder Azure Software AG Sensewaves TempoIQ SAP OT IBM Cyber Group Splunk
19 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

COVID-19 Impact on Cloud Computing in Industrial IoT Market Comprehensive Analysis on types and application 2021-2025
16 January 2021, The Courier

Global Cloud Computing in Industrial IoT Market Size, Share, Types, Products,
19 January 2021, Business-newsupdate.com

Database startup TempoDB becomes TempoIQ, refocuses on sensor analytics
8 July 2014, GigaOM

Big Data and Analytics Market Comprehensive Analysis, Growth Forecast from 2020 to 2025 – Predikto, Microsoft Corporation, Informatica, MongoDB
14 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Developer
Transcore, LP, San Diego, CA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server DBA
Deloitte, Davenport, IA

SSIS/ETL SQL Developer
ConServe, Rochester, NY

SQL Developer
Capgemini, Remote

SQL Developer
Capgemini, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

PostgreSQL DBA II
Percona, Dallas, TX

Entry Level: Geospatial/Remote Sensing Analyst
Dewberry, Fairfax, VA

Data Analyst
Corporate Tools, Post Falls, ID

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here