DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1007.97
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score7.04
Rank#56  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docssphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2001
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201913.2 , February 20213.3.1 , July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLSphinx
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

IFI Techsolutions Has Earned the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
8 April 2021, PR Newswire India

DH2i Launches DxEnterprise v20 Improving Microsoft SQL Server High Availability (HA) and Disaster Recovery (DR) Performance
19 March 2021, DevPro Journal

SQL Server Big Data Clusters CU10 brings important new capabilities
7 April 2021, Neowin

SQL Server Performance Monitoring Tools and Software Market Size 2021 by Top Key Players, Types, Applications and Future Forecast to 2027 – SoccerNurds
12 April 2021, SoccerNurds

Planet Achieves Microsoft Advanced Specialization for Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure
31 March 2021, Herald-Mail Media

provided by Google News

Guest View: OLAP + OLTP = ...PostgreSQL?
12 April 2021, SDTimes.com

How PostgreSQL has popularized open source enterprise databases [Q&A]
7 April 2021, BetaNews

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 2+ Certification
29 March 2021, PRNewswire

How to Connect Your Bastion Server to a PostgreSQL Server with an SSH Tunnel
30 March 2021, hackernoon.com

Swarm64 and EDB Partner to Extend EDB Postgres Advanced With Faster Query Performance
8 April 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

How to Build 600+ Links in One Month
4 September 2020, Search Engine Journal

6 Top & Best Open source Search Engine Software for Enterprises
17 June 2019, H2S Media

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Live Moth Antenna Helps Drone Sniff Odors
25 January 2021, ENGINEERING.com

PGSync Introduction: Real-time Integration Tool For PostgreSQL And Elasticsearch
16 September 2020, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server DBA
Zachary Piper Solutions, Fairfax, VA

MS SQL Server Database Admin
AGM Tech Solutions, Remote

SQL Server DBA
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Jessup, PA

SQL Server Database Administrator (DBA), Intermediate
UVA Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA

SQL Server DBA/Data Warehouse Architect
9th networks Inc, North Chesterfield, VA

Software Engineer Intern
Vouch Insurance, Remote

Product Analyst
Game Insight, Remote

JUNIOR SOFTWARE ENGINEER
DEPARTMENT OF CITY PLANNING, Manhattan, NY

PostgreSQL DBA
Percona, Remote

Data Analyst
Upwork, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here