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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1090.83
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score483.28
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.63
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201711.4, June 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft SQL Server 2008/R2 reach end of support; SQL Server 2019 and Azure await
8 July 2019, ZDNet

The Latest Azure Database Updates: SQL Server 2008; Azure SQL Database; Azure Analysis Services; Developer tools
16 July 2019, MSDynamicsWorld.com

Microsoft database turns to the cloud as support ends for SQL Server 2008
9 July 2019, CIO Dive

Clock Winds Down on SQL Server 2008/R2 Security Support
9 July 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

IDERA Announces New Tools to Make SQL Server Security and Compliance Easier
12 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Fully Managed PostgreSQL Hosting on AWS and Azure Launches in Time For Legacy Migrations
17 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

PostgreSQL database specialist EnterpriseDB gets new backing
28 June 2019, TechTarget

CIS Benchmark for PostgreSQL 11 Enhances PostgreSQL Security for Enterprises
1 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

Amazon Releases Aurora PostgreSQL Serverless to General Availability
17 July 2019, InfoQ.com

PostgreSQL on Amazon Aurora Serverless goes live. Check the price tag before diving in, though
10 July 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

What is SAP SQL Anywhere? - Definition from WhatIs.com
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a fresh IoT injection
16 July 2015, PC World

What is SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)? - Definition from WhatIs.com
2 April 2018, TechTarget

Rimini Street to offer database, security services
7 June 2017, ZDNet

Data Management and the Internet of Things
3 November 2016, CloudTweaks News

provided by Google News

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