DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1031.23
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#220  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.orgtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTempoIQ
Initial release19892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 201813.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access control

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLPostgreSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

SQL Server Malware Tied to Iranian Software Firm, Researchers Allege
21 January 2021, Threatpost

Are you overpaying for SQL Server licensing?
22 January 2021, BetaNews

Microland Earns the Coveted Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
19 January 2021, MarTech Series

Microland Secures Coveted Windows Server and SQL Server migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
18 January 2021, AiThority

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

The States Can't Blockchain - CoinDesk
1 March 2020, Coindesk

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

What the PostgreSQL community has done so right
30 December 2020, TechRepublic

Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Security Technical Implementation Guide Now Available
6 January 2021, PRNewswire

XTIVIA Partners with Leading PostgreSQL Contributor, EDB
25 January 2021, PR.com

PostgreSQL Is DB-Engines DBMS of the Year For 2020
15 January 2021, iProgrammer

CompuGain Achieves the Amazon RDS Service Delivery Designation
26 January 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Big Data and Analytics Market SWOT Analysis, Outlook, By Top Key Players Microsoft MongoDB Predikto Informatica CS Blue Yonder Azure Software AG Sensewaves TempoIQ SAP OT IBM Cyber Group Splunk
27 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Cloud Computing in Industrial IoT Market 2021 In-Depth Analysis of Industry Share, Size, Growth Outlook up to 2026 | AWS, XMPro, Siemens AG, Bosch, IBM, Microsoft, Thethings.io, Sierra Wireless Inc., Carriots
27 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

Database startup TempoDB becomes TempoIQ, refocuses on sensor analytics – Gigaom
8 July 2014, GigaOM

Big Data and Analytics Market Comprehensive Analysis, Growth Forecast from 2020 to 2025 – Predikto, Microsoft Corporation, Informatica, MongoDB – Murphy's Hockey Law
14 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

GlobalLeaning Machine Market By Type, By Application, By Segmentation, By Region, and By Country 2025 – Jumbo News
23 January 2021, Jumbo News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Developer
Ateroz, Plano, TX

SSIS and SQL Server Developer
TCS, Charlotte, NC

SQL Server DBA
Deloitte, Davenport, IA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server DBA
J & K ENTERPRISES, Waco, TX

Node.js Developer
Aiteq, Remote

Associate Customer Support Engineer
Liferay, Inc., Remote

Product Analyst
Game Insight, Remote

Internships at Apollo 2021 (Full-Stack)
Meteor Development Group, San Francisco, CA

SQL Developer
Capgemini, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here