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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostGIS vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostGIS vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSSpatial extension of PostgreSQLSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score829.80
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score23.90
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score1.72
Rank#149  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverpostgis.netwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverpostgis.net/­documentationwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperMicrosoftAlessandro Furieri
Initial release198920052008
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 20223.4.2, February 20245.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL v2.0Open Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on PostgreSQLno

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostGISSpatiaLite
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