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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PlanetScale vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PlanetScale vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPlanetScale  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSScalable, distributed, serverless MySQL database platform built on top of VitessRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score853.57
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.09
Rank#141  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score0.67
Rank#246  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverplanetscale.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverplanetscale.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftPlanetScaleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release198920202004
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Docker
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
MySQL protocol
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency across shards
Immediate Consistency within a shard
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID at shard levelACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPlanetScaleRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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