DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrigoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ
System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrigoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||OrigoDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB Xexclude from comparison|
|TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.|
|Description||Microsofts relational DBMS||A fully ACID in-memory object graph database||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Scalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Document store|
Object oriented DBMS
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Time Series DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||Robert Friberg et al||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||TempoIQ|
|Initial release||1989||2009 under the name LiveDB||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2012|
|Current release||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||13.1, November 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no||yes|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||User defined using .NET types and collections||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no can be achieved using .NET||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|.NET Client API|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Triggers||yes||yes Domain Events||yes||yes Realtime Alerts|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||horizontal partitioning client side managed; servers are not synchronized||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Source-replica replication||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||depending on model||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes Write ahead log||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Role based authorization||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||simple authentication-based access control|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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|Microsoft SQL Server||OrigoDB||PostgreSQL||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB|
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