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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. RRDtool vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. RRDtool vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Industry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.68
Rank#211  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score2.08
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverorientdb.orgrdf4j.orgoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentationoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­dochelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Tobias OetikerSAP
Initial release19892010200419992010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20193.1.9, February 20211.7.2, May 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSScommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language, no joinsnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
in-process shared library
Pipes
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava, JavascriptyesnoSQLScript, R
TriggersyesHooksyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationnonenoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenonoyes

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameRRDtoolSAP HANA
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