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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score942.13
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.67
Rank#80  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release19892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20193.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava, Javascript
TriggersyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
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