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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#132  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#165  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)8Kdata
Initial release1989199419842016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.4, October 20217.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
HP Open VMSAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles

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SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServermSQL infoMini SQLOracle RdbToroDB
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