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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#165  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Score4.44
Rank#85  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.torodb.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docswww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)8KdataRocket Software
Initial release1989198420161985
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20197.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
HP Open VMSAll OS with a Java 7 VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyesnoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodenoACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle RdbToroDBUniData,UniVerse
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