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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#165  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score6.95
Rank#64  Overall
#8  Search engines
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Sphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release198919842001
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20197.4.1.1, 20213.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
HP Open VMSFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle RdbSphinx
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