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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score919.39
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#161  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score46.39
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Apache Software Foundation
Initial release198919842006
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 20227.4.1.1, 20219.1.1, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
HP Open VMSAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava plugins
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle RdbSolr
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