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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.21
Rank#159  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheredocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAP infoformerly SybaseYugabyte Inc.
Initial release1989201119922017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201921.2, September 202117, July 20152.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cacheyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereYugabyteDB
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