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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#326  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheregithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAP infoformerly SybaseTerark
Initial release1989201119922016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201921.2, September 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cacheyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
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