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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score942.13
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.54
Rank#112  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#241  Overall
#37  Document stores
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlcloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlcloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleYandex
Initial release198919942019
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201918.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replicationActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBYandex Database (YDB)
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