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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV vs. Sadas Engine vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV vs. Sadas Engine vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSadas Engine  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeSADAS Engine is a columnar DBMS specifically designed for high performance in Data warehouse environmentsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.68
Rank#107  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score6.09
Rank#64  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score0.04
Rank#329  Overall
#142  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlriak.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.sadasengine.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.sadasengine.com/­index.php/­downloads/­documentation-columnar-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleBasho TechnologiesSADAS s.r.l.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release19891994200920062014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201918.1.40, May 20202.1.0, April 20158.0
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial infofree trial version availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)ErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
AIX
Linux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availablenoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
.Net
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavanoJavaScript and Erlangnouser defined functions
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replicationselectable replication factornoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infolinks between data sets can be storedyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infomanaged by 'Learn by Usage'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBRiak KVSadas EngineSnowflake
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