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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#130  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score1262.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesOracle
Initial release198919941980
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.3, October 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavanoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServermSQL infoMini SQLOracle
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