DBMS > jBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle
System Properties Comparison jBASE vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||jBASE Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||A robust multi-value DBMS comprising development tools and middleware||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||Widely used RDBMS|
|Primary database model||Multivalue DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
|Current release||5.7||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||19c, February 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial restricted free version is available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C++||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||AIX|
|Data scheme||schema-free||yes||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||optional||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||Embedded SQL for jBASE in BASIC||yes||yes with proprietary extensions|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
RESTful HTTP API
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||PL/SQL also stored procedures in Java possible|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||Sharding, horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no can be realized in PL/SQL|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID isolation level can be parameterized|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights can be defined down to the item level||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|jBASE||Microsoft SQL Server||Oracle|
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