DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Trafodion

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1270.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.11
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#236  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hanatrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAPApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release1989198020102014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20202.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, RJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracleSAP HANATrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Improve Your Business Intelligence by Mastering Microsoft SQL Server
11 June 2021, Entrepreneur

Microsoft SQL Server RDBMS Review 2021
3 June 2021, Datamation

This $30 Essential Microsoft SQL Server Training Bundle will boost your business intelligence
14 June 2021, AndroidGuys

Daily Deal: The Essential Microsoft SQL Server Training Bundle
10 June 2021, Techdirt

Google’s managed database service with support for Microsoft SQL Server – TechCrunch Japan
30 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

provided by Google News

Oracle Database RDBMS | Relational Database Review 2021
3 June 2021, Datamation

Managing the database: Oracle focuses on failure protection, speed, scalability and cost
21 May 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Dovetail, RDB Consulting boost Ackermans' Oracle Database management and support
11 June 2021, ITWeb

Oracle Focuses on Improving Database Speed ​​During LogFire Migration
7 June 2021, Illinois News

Oracle ups the ante in MySQL competition while others maneuver for market share
25 May 2021, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

How Google Cloud and SAP HANA Are Helping Paypal Accelerate Their Digital Transformation Efforts
18 May 2021, CMSWire

Omnis Studio Integration with SAP HANA
3 June 2021, EIN News

Simplify and modernize your journey to SAP HANA | 28th May 2021
28 May 2021, Express Computer

SAP steps back from S/4HANA-on-Azure preference
28 May 2021, CIO

SAP reveals new data marketplace, planning capabilities in Business Technology Platform
2 June 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

news digest: Code Dx and Secure Code Warrior on Project Better Code, Octopai's Data Lineage XD, and new Microsoft Teams features - SD Times
17 May 2021, SDTimes.com

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Annual Report for
29 July 2020, GlobeNewswire

How Facebook Accelerates SQL at Extreme Scale
31 August 2020, Datanami

Apache HBase Is Everywhere
21 June 2016, DZone News

ASF's 2018 annual report shows the Apache ecosystem is growing
20 July 2018, JAXenter

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MSBI Developer (SSIS, SQL Server)
Adept Consultants, Remote

SQL Developer
ATRIO Health Plans, Salem, OR

SQL Server DATABASE
Metro IT Resources, Inc., Guaynabo, PR

SQL Server Developer
Digital Dhara, Charlotte, NC

SQL Server Developer
Cigna, Hartford, CT

Oracle Database Developer
Piper Companies, Remote

SQL Database Developer (Remote Job)
Excelraise, LLC, Pendleton, SC

REMOTE - Database Analyst (Unix/Oracle)
General Dynamics Information Technology, Minnesota

Jr. Database Admin.
ELLKAY LLC, Elmwood Park, NJ

PROPERTY/EVIDENCE/QUARTERMASTER TECHNICIAN
Loudoun County Government, Leesburg, VA

SAP BW HANA Consultant
Next Level Services, Remote

SAP HANA/ABAP CONSULTANT
path Insights, Chicago, IL

SAP S4 HANA Consultant
IT Industries, Phillipsburg, NJ

SAP S4 HANA SD CONSULTANT
JUBILANT CONSULTING, San Jose, CA

SAP S/4 HANA QM CONSULTANT (ONLY GC / USC)
DATEC, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here