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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. ScyllaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1270.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.11
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#102  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.scylladb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.scylladb.com
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAPScyllaDB
Initial release1989198020102015
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, Ryes, Lua
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerOracleSAP HANAScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsScylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosAdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Key customersComcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsScylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracleSAP HANAScyllaDB
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Conferences and events

Scylla Virtual Workshop
Virtual Workshop, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM BST, 25 June 2021

Scylla University LIVE (EMEA and APAC)
12PM-4PM GMT / 2PM-6PM CEST / 5:30PM-9:30PM IST, 28 July 2021

Scylla University LIVE (AMERICAS)
9AM-1PM PT / 12PM-4PM ET / 1PM-5PM BRT, 29 July 2021

Finished events

Building Event Streaming Architectures on Scylla and Kafka
Webinar, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM GMT, 17 June 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Learn what makes Microsoft SQL Server a market-leading database technologies with this bundle
15 June 2021, Popular Science

Microsoft SQL Server RDBMS Review 2021
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Improve Your Business Intelligence by Mastering Microsoft SQL Server
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14 June 2021, AndroidGuys

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SAP reveals new data marketplace, planning capabilities in Business Technology Platform
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ScyllaDB Announces Comprehensive Support for Apache Kafka
16 June 2021, GlobeNewswire

ScyllaDB Announces NoSQL SOC2 Certification
13 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

ScyllaDB Unveils 'Monstrous' New Capabilities for Its NoSQL
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