DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA
System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison||SAP HANA Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||Widely used RDBMS||In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Graph DBMS with SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
|Current release||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||19c, February 2019||2.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no also available as a cloud based service|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Implementation language||C++||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Appliance or cloud-service|
|Data scheme||yes||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||PL/SQL also stored procedures in Java possible||SQLScript, R|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no can be realized in PL/SQL||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID isolation level can be parameterized||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
|Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.|
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
|CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.|
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|Microsoft SQL Server||Oracle||SAP HANA|
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