DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#213  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score3.15
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.orgrethinkdb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationrethinkdb.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017SAP
Initial release198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20092010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 20182.4.1, August 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsSQLScript, R
TriggersyesyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningSharding inforange basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCCAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsyes

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XLRethinkDBSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

How to Exploit SQL Server Using OLE Automation
6 September 2021, Security Boulevard

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

Why Activity Monitor May Be Hurting Your SQL Server's Performance
25 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

How to Exploit SQL Server Using Registry Keys
7 September 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Adenza Chooses Oracle Autonomous Database to Expand its Multi-Cloud Risk Analytics Services
16 September 2021, inForney.com

Database Wars: Oracle Attacks Amazon with High-Speed Upgrade
16 September 2021, Cloud Wars

Oracle Database Administration II 1Z0-083 Dumps - Tips To Pass
23 August 2021, The African Exponent

[Labor Day Discount 2021] Get Oracle 1Z0-071 Exam Dumps
4 September 2021, The African Exponent

Oracle Q1 2021-2 results: Cloud revenue reaches a quarter
14 September 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

The States Can't Blockchain
1 March 2020, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

Open Source Software Market Size Applications, Types and Future Outlook Report 2021-2026
6 September 2021, Northwest Diamond Notes

RethinkDB is dead, and MongoDB isn't what killed it
24 January 2017, TechRepublic

Stripe acquires team behind NoSQL database startup RethinkDB
5 October 2016, VentureBeat

The Cloud Native Compute Foundation acquires RethinkDB’s source code
6 February 2017, TechCrunch

How to Use RethinkDB with Node.js Applications
16 December 2015, SitePoint

provided by Google News

SAP HANA SECURITY Solution Acquired by XYPRO
1 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

XYPRO Acquires SAP HANA SECURITY Solution from Hewlett Packard Enterprise
31 August 2021, WFMZ Allentown

SAP's Rise With SAP Solution Leveraged by Capstone Mining
16 September 2021, Nasdaq

SAP Data Warehouse Cloud Vs. Snowflake
15 September 2021, e3zine.com

SAP S/4 Hana Adoption Rebounds After COVID-19 Slump
15 September 2021, e3zine.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Chicago, IL

SQL Server Developer - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Edina, MN

SQL Server Developer
The Oncology Institute of Hope and Innovation, Cerritos, CA

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

SQL Developer
Health Advocate, Remote

Oracle Database Developer
SOSi, El Paso, TX

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
Prudential, Newark, NJ

Oracle Database Administrator
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Jersey City, NJ

Oracle on Power Database Migration Consultant
IBM, Research Triangle Park, NC

Database Engineer I/II
Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax County, VA

Senior SAP Hana Developer |LATAM|
BairesDev, Colon, PA

SAP-HANA-BODS Developer Senior / 100% Remote
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Fort Walton Beach, FL

SAP HANA Developer/Architect
Deloitte, Atlanta, GA

SAP HANA Security Managing Consultant
IBM, Research Triangle Park, NC

SAP HANA Basis Admin Sr. Managing Consultant
IBM, Research Triangle Park, NC

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here