DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. Prometheus vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. Prometheus vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#213  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score6.43
Rank#60  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.orgprometheus.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationprometheus.io/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAP
Initial release198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20152010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++CGo
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno infoImport of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsnoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby Federationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCCnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XLPrometheusSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

SQL Server Transformation Market Size, Trends, and Key Companies – Actian Corporation, MemSQL Microsoft, Oracle, NuoDB SAP SE, Teradata, IBM, Amazon Web Services and Alphabet. – Stillwater Current
21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

Why Activity Monitor May Be Hurting Your SQL Server's Performance
25 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

How to Exploit SQL Server Using OLE Automation
6 September 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Adenza Chooses Oracle Autonomous Database to Expand its Multi-Cloud Risk Analytics Services
16 September 2021, inForney.com

Database Wars: Oracle Attacks Amazon with High-Speed Upgrade
16 September 2021, Cloud Wars

PolarSeven shifts Interact database from Oracle to AWS
20 September 2021, ARNnet

[2021]- Oracle 1Z0-062 Exam Dumps With Special Discount!
20 September 2021, The African Exponent

Perfect 1Z0-068 Dumps - Free PDF Questions with a High Passing Rate
22 September 2021, The African Exponent

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

The States Can't Blockchain
1 March 2020, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

Break point: Prometheus, JFrog, GDB, Boundary, Serverless Framework, Eclipse, Delphi, Kubermatic, and DataSpell • DEVCLASS
17 September 2021, DevClass

QOMPLX Announces Prometheus Integration for its High-Performance, Cost-Efficient Time Series Database
8 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

Tencent Cloud Strengthens Collaboration with Grafana Labs
20 September 2021, PR Newswire UK

Legacy Vendors Beware: OpsRamp Aims to Transform Cloud
26 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

Chronosphere Announces Record Revenue, Customer and Employee…
21 September 2021, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

What's next for SAP HANA 1.0 users
21 September 2021, TechTarget

SAP HANA SECURITY Solution Acquired by XYPRO
1 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

ProLion ClusterLion for SAP now available on Azure Marketplace
21 September 2021, Help Net Security

XYPRO Acquires SAP HANA SECURITY Solution from Hewlett Packard Enterprise
31 August 2021, WFMZ Allentown

ReleaseOwl announces native Infrastructure Monitor for SAP HANA hosted on AWS and Azure
9 September 2021, EIN News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server DBA (Remote Opportunity)
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

Microsoft SQL Server Database Administrator II - Remote
Everi Games Inc, Las Vegas, NV

SQL Server DBA
creamitinc, Holmdel, NJ

SQL Server DBA
Esolvit Inc.,, Austin, TX

SQL Server Database Administrator - REMOTE
Data Dimensions, Janesville, WI

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

Oracle Database Administrator
Velocity Technology Solutions, Inc., United States

Oracle Database Administrator
nLeague Services, Atlanta, GA

Oracle Database Administrator
Nasscomm, Arlington, VA

001940 - Oracle Database Administrator
CBC Companies, Remote

Senior Software Engineer, Backend - Prometheus (US - Remote)
Sysdig, California

Sr Quality Assurance Engineer
WarnerMedia, Seattle, WA

Sr. Timestream Specialist SA
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Charlotte, NC

Storage Engineer
Cloudflare, Washington State

Systems Software Engineer
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Minneapolis, MN

SAP BASIS HANA Administrator
Seer Solutions Inc., Dimondale, MI

SAP BW HANA Consultant
The Principal TAG, Bethesda, MD

SAP BW HANA Consultant
Next Level Services, Remote

SAP S4 HANA Consultant
SRICOM, INC., Remote

SAP S/4 HANA Test Manager
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Atlanta, GA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here