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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenTSDB vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenTSDB vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSScalable Time Series DBMS based on HBaseOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.13
Rank#112  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#78  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#122  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serveropentsdb.netprometheus.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.htmlprometheus.io/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftcurrently maintained by Yahoo and other contributorsTimescale
Initial release1989201120152017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoLGPLOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaGoC
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnumeric data for metrics, strings for tagsNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Telnet API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Erlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infobased on HBaseShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseyes infoby FederationMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infobased on HBasenoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerOpenTSDBPrometheusTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersAltair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metrics1 million+ downloads, 6,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); information on pricing for support and enterprise...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOpenTSDBPrometheusTimescaleDB
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