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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTime Series DBMS based on CassandraWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score829.80
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#396  Overall
#42  Time Series DBMS
Score1234.27
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serveropennms.github.io/­newtswww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servergithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftOpenNMS GroupOracle
Initial release198920141980
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 202223c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavanoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infobased on CassandraSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerNewtsOracle
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