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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TerarkDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TerarkDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDBA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSWide column storeKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1093.75
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.05
Rank#314  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wikidocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.ScyllaDBTerark
Initial release19892007201520162017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted open source version availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indicesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
C++ API
Java API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnonoyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoin-memory tablesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerNeo4jScyllaDBTerarkDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Sharding the LDBC Social Network
24 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Halin Monitoring, Analyzing CodeMotion Data, Exploring GGCD Graph, Clojure Release, and More 4.0
22 February 2020

#GraphCast: Migrating from Neo4j 3.5 to 4.0
21 February 2020

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Microsoft SQL ServerNeo4jScyllaDBTerarkDBTigerGraph
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