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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#165  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftVesoft Inc.Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)8Kdata
Initial release1989201919842016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20197.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
LinuxHP Open VMSAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerNebula GraphOracle RdbToroDB
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerNebula GraphOracle RdbToroDB
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