DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the embedded DBMS for embedded systemsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1007.97
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1220.69
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score18.98
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation
Initial release198919952014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.23 , January 20213.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more
Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

IFI Techsolutions Has Earned the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
8 April 2021, PR Newswire India

Planet Achieves Microsoft Advanced Specialization for Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure
31 March 2021, Herald-Mail Media

DH2i Launches DxEnterprise v20 Improving Microsoft SQL Server High Availability (HA) and Disaster Recovery (DR) Performance
19 March 2021, DevPro Journal

Working with Secure Enclaves in Azure SQL Database
15 March 2021, Redmondmag.com

Softline has earned the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization - CRN - India
25 March 2021, CRN.in

provided by Google News

Open-Source Database Software Market 2021 – 2025: SQLite, MySQL, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Neo4j – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
23 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Global Relational Databases Software Market 2025: Microsoft, MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM, MariaDB, Informix, Teradata, SQLite – SoccerNurds
7 April 2021, SoccerNurds

NoSQL Market 2021 Industry Size, Share, Growth and Top Companies Analysis- Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, etc. – SoccerNurds
8 April 2021, SoccerNurds

Python Package Software Market Keyplayers, Segmentation and Region: Spyder, MySQL, Celery, Editra, py2exe etc. – SoccerNurds
7 April 2021, SoccerNurds

How to install Apache, MySQL and PHP on AlmaLinux 8 - Linux Shout
13 March 2021, H2S Media

provided by Google News

The 56 Best LinkedIn Learning Data Analytics Courses for 2021
30 March 2021, Solutions Review

The 23 Best Business Analytics Courses on Coursera for 2021
25 March 2021, Solutions Review

The 17 The Best Data Analytics Courses on Coursera for 2021
23 March 2021, Solutions Review

AWS Data Engineers at Datafin Recruitment
9 April 2021, IT-Online

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server DBA
Zachary Piper Solutions, Fairfax, VA

SQL Server DBA (Remote Opportunity)
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

MS SQL Server Database Admin
AGM Tech Solutions, Remote

SQL Developer
Epiq Systems, Inc., Oregon

SQL Server Database Administrator (DBA), Intermediate
UVA Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Markham, IL

Software Developer – Entry Level
Grant Street Group, Remote

Loss Prevention Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, Canton, MS

Accelerator Operator
Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Edison, NJ

Data Analyst - Spark SQL
Acro, San Jose, CA

Data Science Intern
Root Insurance Company, Remote

Data Engineer
Pyramid, Remote

Backline Spark TSE
Databricks, Remote

Data Scientist
iHeartMedia, Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here