DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1062.76
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1264.25
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score126.68
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release198919952000
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.21, 20203.33.0 (August 14, 2020), August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Several Microsoft SQL databases infected by new malware: Tencent
17 September 2020, ETTelecom.com

Hasura Brings Instant GraphQL to MySQL and SQL Server for Rapid API Development to Unlock Siloed Data, Raises $25 Million in Series B
8 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Hasura Introduces GraphQL Support for MySQL and SQL Server
15 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

An Introduction to Microsoft Hybrid SQL Server Solutions - Microsoft
15 September 2020, Channel 9

Amazon RDS for SQL Server now supports SQL Server 2019
26 August 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Oracle Introduces the MySQL Database Service on Its Cloud Infrastructure
10 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud SQL Supports MySQL 8.0
9 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Hasura Introduces GraphQL Support for MySQL and SQL Server
15 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Hasura raises $25 million Series B and adds MySQL support to its GraphQL service
8 September 2020, TechCrunch

Hasura raises USD25 million Series B and adds MySQL support to its GraphQL service
9 September 2020, United News of India

provided by Google News

10 Most Used Databases By Developers In 2020
25 August 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Safari security breach can expose user browsing history, already fixed in iOS 14 beta
25 August 2020, 9to5Mac

Data Management Technology Application Software Market 2020 Opportunities Assessment, Geographic Segmentation and Key Manufacturers: IBM, SQLite, MySQL
21 August 2020, The Daily Chronicle

FmPro Migrator 9.12 Adds FileMaker 19 Table Consolidation on Catalina prMac
18 September 2020, prMac

Open-Source Database Software Market Size and Forecast (2020-2027) | By Top Leading Players – Redis, MySQL, Couchbase, Apache Hive, MongoDB, SQLite, MariaDB
10 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Application DBA II (Junior to Mid Level)
National General Insurance, Alice, TX

Jr. SQL Server Database Administrator (DBA)
AgileRank, LLC, Charlotte, NC

SQL Server Developer
Systems Plus, Washington, DC

MS SQL Server DBA 2
Spartan Technologies, Fort Washington, PA

Jr. SQL Database Administrator
GOLDEN WOLF LLC, Remote

Software Developer, PHP, Linux, MySQL, Apache, LAMP
Omnispear, Inc., Kettering, OH

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Horn Lake, MS

Support Specialist north-america
Ecolane, North, SC

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Henderson, NV

Linux Administrator
HOSTCOPPER, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Mobile app developers, Xamarin.forms, C#
Computer Staff, Remote

Technical Support
OpenVPN Inc., Remote

Summer 2021 iOS Developer Internship
Guardian Life Insurance Company, Holmdel, NJ

C++ Developer
Aatrix, Grand Forks, ND

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here