DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release198919952000
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.29, April 20223.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

Microsoft warns over novel SQL Server attacks
18 May 2022, The Stack

SQL Server Performance Monitoring Tools and Software Market Size, Development Data, Growth Analysis & Forecast 2022 to 2028 -Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools, Red-Gate, Sentry One (SQL Sentry), dbForge Monitor by
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

SQL Server Transformation Market Upcoming Trends, Segmented by Type, Application, End-User and Region -Oracle, Microsoft, SAP SE, IBM, Alphabet, Amazon Web Services, Teradata, NuoDB, MemSQL, Actian Corporation – The Daily Vale
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

How to Set Up a Microsoft SQL Server Database in Docker on Linux - MUO
8 May 2022, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

How to create a MySQL 8 database user with remote access to all databases
25 April 2022, TechRepublic

Relational Databases Software Market Top Players Movements 2022 – 2028 | Oracle, MySQL, Informix, IBM, Amazon RDS, etc – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Steps to Install MySQL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
14 May 2022, Linux Shout

Using PHP, how do I copy selected records from one mysql database to another on different hosts (thus different connections)
17 May 2022, SitePoint

Akamai launches managed database offering for MySQL, PostgreSQL, Redis and MongoDB
25 April 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Why SQLite may become foundational for digital progress
20 May 2022, VentureBeat

Operational Database Management Systems (OPDBMS) Software Market Top Players Movements 2022 – 2028 | IBM, SQLite, MongoDB, Microsoft, RavenDB, etc – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

With new serverless database, Cloudflare gets serious about infrastructure services
11 May 2022, Yahoo! Voices

Google Jetpack Brings Updated Architectural and UI Components and Improved Performance Tools
22 May 2022, InfoQ.com

Cloudflare launches instant serverless database for dev teams
16 May 2022, IT Brief New Zealand

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server DBA
NEXGEN TECHNOLOGIES INC., Remote

SQL Server DBA
Covestic, Redmond, WA

Entry Application Development
Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Senior Database Administrator - SQL Server
Bonterra, Washington, DC

SQL Server DBA
Accenture, United States

MySQL Database Developer
Agama Solutions, San Francisco, CA

PHP & MySQL & HTML/CSS & JS Developers
Retail Ecommerce Ventures, Remote

A&R Representative
OtterTune, Remote

Production Support Engineer
Apexon, New York, NY

Full Stack Developer-PHP and MySQL
Reflexions Data, New York, NY

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Denton, TX

Xamarin Developer (100% )
Computer Staff, Remote

Jr. SQL Developer
Burrtec Waste Industries, Inc., Fontana, CA

Full Stack Developer
Web Services Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here