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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Rockset

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Rockset

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score919.39
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1211.96
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#217  Overall
#34  Document stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comrockset.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.rockset.com
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunRockset
Initial release198919952019
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 20228.0.32, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesdynamic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries, including JOINs
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricAutomatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLRockset
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