DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release198919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.29, April 202214.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cloudian Object Storage Integrates with Microsoft SQL Server 2022
25 May 2022, The Bakersfield Californian

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

Microsoft warns over novel SQL Server attacks
18 May 2022, The Stack

SQL Server Monitoring Tools Market Size And Forecast | Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools, Red-Gate, Sentry One (SQL Sentry), dbForge Monitor by Devart, Navicat Monitor, Paessler PRTG – The Daily Vale
24 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Microsoft announces new Azure capabilities around cloud-native apps, data analytics and hybrid cloud operations
24 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

How to Optimize Your Database Storage in MySQL
23 May 2022, HackRead

We have bigger targets than beating Oracle, say open source DB pioneers
25 May 2022, The Register

Steps to Install MySQL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
14 May 2022, Linux Shout

Using PHP, how do I copy selected records from one mysql database to another on different hosts (thus different connections)
17 May 2022, SitePoint

UW-Green Bay: To offer boot camps—a cost-effective way to learn for people with coding and data analytics skills
25 May 2022, WisPolitics.com

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Introduces PostgreSQL-Compatible AlloyDB for Enterprise Database Workloads
21 May 2022, InfoQ.com

PostgreSQL 15 Beta Released
23 May 2022, iProgrammer

Review: YugabyteDB does PostgreSQL proud
16 May 2022, InfoWorld

Why Run Postgres in Kubernetes?
5 May 2022, Container Journal

Microsoft Azure Vulnerability Exposes PostgreSQL Databases to Other Customers
28 April 2022, The Hacker News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Developer
Go Intellects Inc, Washington, DC

Senior Database Administrator - SQL Server
Bonterra, Washington, DC

SQL Server DBA
NEXGEN TECHNOLOGIES INC., Remote

SQL Developer
HealthFund Solutions, Remote

SQL Server Developer
TAA Solutions LLC, Remote

MySQL Database Developer
Agama Solutions, San Francisco, CA

Mid-Level PHP/MySQL Programmer/Developer
ApplicantPro, Remote

MySQL Database Migration Specialist Using Laravel
Chiro Cat, Remote

A&R Representative
OtterTune, Remote

MySQL Developer
Computers for Kids, Inc., Boise, ID

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database–Redis/MongoDB) Las Vegas, NV/ST. LOUIS, MO
Emonics LLC, Las Vegas, NV

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database-Redis/MongoDB) ST. LOUIS, MO/Las Vegas, NV
Emonics LLC, St. Louis, MO

PostgreSQL Developer- Full Time Role
Visionary Innovative Technology Solutions, New York, NY

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL)
Volto Consulting, Remote

Java Developer
DataEdge Usa, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here